I’ve seen a lot more discussion about personal boundaries online in the last few years. Today, I’m going to share with you what I consider to be the six most common types so that you can consider how to set boundaries to improve your mental health and relationships.

As much as people have come to appreciate the importance (and utility) of personal boundaries, these concepts have also received a bad rap. Many people regard those who have a strong sense of boundaries as healthy and balanced. People who set personal limits, on the other hand, are now widely regarded as obstinate, stone-walling types who seek to punish those who make mistakes.

Be wary of those who seek to undermine appropriate and healthy boundary setting, as they may be fighting a change in access to you that previously allowed them to inflict harm (even subconsciously). Needless to say, these standards are extremely complicated, and if you are having difficulty setting them up, figuring them out for yourself, or maintaining them, a licensed therapist is your best resource for more objective processing.

Here are the six types of boundaries:

Time boundaries

Time, as it sounds, refers to how a person uses and spends their time. This looks like how you might divide the time between your personal relationships and work, or time being spent on investing in yourself.

Physical boundaries

Physical boundaries refer to the expectations and limits we have with relation to physical sensation and touch. This can differ widely depending on the context or relationship. For example, you may be perfectly comfortable hugging a good friend, but may only want to shakes hands with colleagues at work. What physical boundaries are you most comfortable with?

Material boundaries

This refers to the the sharing and use of our resources, like finances. Having healthy boundaries in this area can mean different things to different people. However, the foundation should be set on making sure that you have enough for you to sustain yourself and how you might recoup your materials (like lending someone your car, or money) if damaged or unreturned.

Intellectual boundaries

These standards refer to the expectations we have of ourselves, and others, when engaging with thoughts and ideas. When you share your thoughts with others how often do you get the respect you deserve? Is there someone in your life who always questions you or minimizes your ideas and knowledge?

Sexual boundaries

Sexual boundaries refer to our sense of safety with respect to sexuality and consent. Does your partner respect and honor your limitations around sex? Do you feel comfortable speaking up about your needs and desires? Do your intimate encounters include any type of manipulation or coercion? If so, boundaries are being crossed.

Emotional boundaries

Emotional boundaries are about the sharing of our internal emotional lives and feelings with others. When we are at our most vulnerable we need to feel protected and safe to share our feelings. Are there some people who always affirm and validate your feelings? Do others gaslight you and minimize your perspectives?

Final Word

Where are your boundaries in these areas right now? Do you have any? Do you want any of them to change?

Take some time to reflect with yourself to assess where your energy and resources are going before making any adjustments. Having healthy limits is one way to practice self-care. They will enable you live a daily life that feels more satisfactory and restorative to you, which we all really want and need.

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